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榆阳区推动农机社会化服务纪实
发布时(shi)间:2021-05-14 09:11 来源: 榆林日报(bao) 吕晶 贾赟 高扬

在高科技农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)技术的(de)(de)加(jia)持下(xia),农(nong)(nong)(nong)机给(ji)传统农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)带来翻天(tian)覆地的(de)(de)变化(hua)。在榆阳区,“面(mian)朝黄土背朝天(tian)”的(de)(de)耕作(zuo)场景(jing)越(yue)来越(yue)少见(jian),农(nong)(nong)(nong)机合作(zuo)社(she)如雨后春(chun)笋遍地开花,机械化(hua)作(zuo)业(ye)(ye)、精准的(de)(de)管(guan)理服(fu)务正在让农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)生产变得更加(jia)智(zhi)慧高效(xiao)。近年来,榆阳区全面(mian)推行“小农(nong)(nong)(nong)户+农(nong)(nong)(nong)村集体经(jing)济组(zu)织+托管(guan)服(fu)务组(zu)织”的(de)(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)生产新模式,促进(jin)安全可靠(kao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机装备的(de)(de)有效(xiao)供(gong)给(ji),加(jia)快先进(jin)适用农(nong)(nong)(nong)机化(hua)技术的(de)(de)普及应用,提(ti)升农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)社(she)会(hui)化(hua)服(fu)务水平(ping)。

机械化给农业插上科技翅膀

在小(xiao)(xiao)纪汗镇小(xiao)(xiao)纪汗村的玉米地里,一台安(an)装了(le)(le)北斗导(dao)航系统的拖(tuo)拉(la)机正在进行直线播种,与传(chuan)统农机相比,北斗卫星导(dao)航自动驾驶拖(tuo)拉(la)机作业后(hou)的田块(kuai)密度精确,出苗(miao)整齐,大幅降低了(le)(le)劳动强度,实现了(le)(le)舒适化(hua)操(cao)作。

“拖拉(la)机装上了北斗导航系(xi)统(tong),就(jiu)像有了大脑(nao)和(he)眼睛,农机手只要到地(di)头,打把方向,把车转(zhuan)过(guo)来就(jiu)能播种,就(jiu)算是天黑了,机器(qi)也能照(zhao)样把活儿干好。”小纪汗镇泽(ze)玉(yu)农民农机专业合作社社长谢虎(hu)林说(shuo)。

春(chun)耕时节,在小(xiao)纪汗村的农(nong)田(tian)里,大型深(shen)松(song)(song)机具在田(tian)野上来(lai)(lai)回穿(chuan)梭,农(nong)机经过(guo)之处,土质(zhi)(zhi)松(song)(song)软,开阔平坦,深(shen)松(song)(song)土壤深(shen)度可(ke)达30厘米(mi)以上。农(nong)机深(shen)松(song)(song)整地(di)是(shi)改善(shan)耕地(di)质(zhi)(zhi)量、提(ti)高农(nong)业(ye)综合生(sheng)产能(neng)力的重(zhong)要(yao)举(ju)措。近年来(lai)(lai),榆阳区将农(nong)机深(shen)松(song)(song)技术广泛应用(yong)到(dao)春(chun)耕农(nong)业(ye)生(sheng)产当中,以农(nong)机合作社为龙头(tou)带动,落实好农(nong)机深(shen)松(song)(song)整地(di)作业(ye)补助(zhu)政策,几乎承包了(le)所(suo)有春(chun)耕生(sheng)产作业(ye)任务,成(cheng)为春(chun)耕生(sheng)产的“助(zhu)推器”。

随着榆(yu)(yu)阳(yang)区不断盘活(huo)(huo)乡村(cun)两(liang)级(ji)各类沉睡(shui)资(zi)源,大(da)(da)量闲置土(tu)地资(zi)源焕发(fa)出(chu)勃勃生机(ji),股份经济(ji)合作社(she)作为村(cun)组发(fa)展(zhan)的新主体应运而(er)生,彻底激发(fa)了农村(cun)的经营(ying)活(huo)(huo)力,为农业(ye)(ye)社(she)会(hui)化服务提供了有力支撑,集中连片(pian)的土(tu)地也(ye)让大(da)(da)型农业(ye)(ye)机(ji)械有了大(da)(da)显身手的“舞台”。从南到北,榆(yu)(yu)阳(yang)大(da)(da)地广袤的田野里,大(da)(da)型机(ji)械共同作业(ye)(ye),奏响春耕生产进行曲。

榆(yu)阳区(qu)坚持把提(ti)高农业(ye)机(ji)(ji)械(xie)化(hua)水平作为(wei)助推农业(ye)现代化(hua)发展的重要抓手,通过科技推动(dong)、服(fu)务(wu)促动(dong),全区(qu)主要农作物综合(he)机(ji)(ji)械(xie)化(hua)水平达到74%,玉米机(ji)(ji)械(xie)化(hua)综合(he)水平达到85%,农机(ji)(ji)总动(dong)力达到45万千瓦。 截(jie)至目(mu)前,共培育全区(qu)农机(ji)(ji)服(fu)务(wu)组织195个,全面机(ji)(ji)械(xie)化(hua)成为(wei)推动(dong)榆(yu)阳农业(ye)发展的重要动(dong)力引擎,让现代农业(ye)插(cha)上科技的翅膀(bang)。

农(nong)机购(gou)置补贴惠及千万农(nong)户

“我们合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社的(de)(de)种(zhong)植(zhi)面(mian)积(ji)比较大,所以(yi)购(gou)买(mai)了一台(tai)马力大的(de)(de)拖(tuo)拉(la)机(ji),这台(tai)拖(tuo)拉(la)机(ji)性能好、作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)速(su)度快,每(mei)天的(de)(de)作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)面(mian)积(ji)达三(san)四百亩。而(er)且政(zheng)府(fu)对农机(ji)具的(de)(de)补(bu)(bu)贴力度非常大,中央直(zhi)补(bu)(bu)完(wan)还有(you)累加的(de)(de)补(bu)(bu)贴,这台(tai)拖(tuo)拉(la)机(ji)花了60多万元(yuan),政(zheng)府(fu)可以(yi)补(bu)(bu)贴近(jin)一半。”榆阳区强(qiang)发农机(ji)合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社社长贺(he)强(qiang)介绍(shao),他的(de)(de)合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社拥(yong)有(you)各(ge)类大型农业(ye)机(ji)械(xie)近(jin)20台(tai),能满足农作(zuo)(zuo)物从(cong)种(zhong)到收全(quan)程(cheng)机(ji)械(xie)化的(de)(de)需求。

“今年(nian)参与社会化(hua)服务项目的(de)合作社有(you)79家,我们今年(nian)准(zhun)备给予重(zhong)点支(zhi)持,在区级资金允许的(de)情况下,将(jiang)按中(zhong)(zhong)央补贴(tie)标准(zhun)给予累加(jia)补贴(tie),来减(jian)轻合作社的(de)购(gou)机(ji)压力,扩(kuo)大合作社的(de)机(ji)具拥有(you)量,以(yi)便更好地服务榆阳(yang)区的(de)广(guang)大农民(min),助力全(quan)区农作物(wu)耕(geng)种(zhong)收机(ji)械(xie)化(hua)水平快速提升。”榆阳(yang)区农机(ji)服务中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)业(ye)务室主任潘(pan)文伟介绍(shao)。

榆阳(yang)区(qu)支持引(yin)导(dao)农(nong)(nong)民购置(zhi)使用先进适用的(de)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)机(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie),加(jia)(jia)大(da)粮(liang)食生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)薄弱环节和重要农(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)品所需(xu)机(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)补(bu)贴(tie)(tie)力(li)度(du),提高(gao)高(gao)端复(fu)式(shi)智能机(ji)(ji)(ji)具的(de)补(bu)贴(tie)(tie)标准,加(jia)(jia)大(da)“3+2+X”新兴(xing)主(zhu)导(dao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)以及丘(qiu)陵山区(qu)特色农(nong)(nong)业(ye)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)所需(xu)机(ji)(ji)(ji)具的(de)补(bu)贴(tie)(tie)力(li)度(du),加(jia)(jia)快绿色高(gao)效机(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)化生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)方(fang)式(shi)应(ying)用,促(cu)进粮(liang)食生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)高(gao)质量发展,引(yin)领推(tui)动农(nong)(nong)业(ye)机(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)化向(xiang)全程全面(mian)高(gao)质高(gao)效转型升级。

农机免(mian)费检(jian)验做好安全保障

“在(zai)春(chun)耕备耕时(shi)节(jie),农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)中心为了方便农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)用户,组建(jian)了六个农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)综合服(fu)(fu)务队,从4月份开(kai)始,深入全区21个乡(xiang)(xiang)镇、办事处(chu),开(kai)展(zhan)‘送检(jian)下乡(xiang)(xiang),免费(fei)检(jian)验’便民(min)服(fu)(fu)务活(huo)动(dong),定点(dian)开(kai)展(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)免费(fei)检(jian)验,将农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)检(jian)验和(he)安(an)全工作延伸到乡(xiang)(xiang)镇,延伸到村上,从源头上防范农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)事故的发生,为春(chun)耕工作做好安(an)全保障。”榆阳区农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)服(fu)(fu)务中心副主任杨战峰(feng)说。

从4月份开始,榆阳区先后(hou)开展2021年农(nong)机(ji)深松整地(di)合作(zuo)社(she)报名(ming)培训(xun)和农(nong)机(ji)检(jian)审验(yan)工(gong)作(zuo),检(jian)验(yan)过程中,工(gong)作(zuo)人员(yuan)严格遵(zun)循检(jian)验(yan)标准,对转向(xiang)、制(zhi)动、照明及信号等(deng)进行重点检(jian)查,实施拖拉机(ji)”亮尾工(gong)程”,免费粘(zhan)贴(tie)反光膜,按照“谁检(jian)验(yan)、谁负(fu)责(ze)、谁包干(gan)”的原则,与农(nong)机(ji)所(suo)有人和驾驶(shi)员(yuan)签订(ding)农(nong)机(ji)安全生产责(ze)任(ren)书(shu),并发放一(yi)套安全生产书(shu)籍、一(yi)封致驾驶(shi)员(yuan)的信、一(yi)个安全宣(xuan)传购物(wu)袋、一(yi)张即时贴(tie)、一(yi)支宣(xuan)传笔等(deng)资料,并进行了安全操作(zuo)培训(xun)。

农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机中(zhong)心还联合(he)榆(yu)阳区农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)综合(he)执法大(da)队进(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)检验,严格查处无牌(pai)行(xing)(xing)(xing)驶(shi)、无证驾(jia)驶(shi)、违法载(zai)人(ren)、拼装改装、逾期(qi)未检验等违法违规(gui)行(xing)(xing)(xing)为,深入农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)田(tian)、场院、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机合(he)作社进(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)安(an)(an)全大(da)排查大(da)整治。还将(jiang)联合(he)交(jiao)警部门,在“春耕”“秋收”和(he)节假日等重点时期(qi),在城乡(xiang)结合(he)部以及通往(wang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)田(tian)、建筑工地、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)贸(mao)市场等主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)路段,严肃查处拖拉(la)机违法违规(gui)行(xing)(xing)(xing)为。要(yao)(yao)求各(ge)乡(xiang)镇(zhen)积极推行(xing)(xing)(xing)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机安(an)(an)全生产“网格化”监(jian)管(guan),将(jiang)力(li)量向基层延伸下沉,解决农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村交(jiao)通和(he)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机安(an)(an)全监(jian)管(guan)“最(zui)后一公(gong)里”缺位问题,树(shu)立良好安(an)(an)全生产氛围,促(cu)进(jin)从(cong)“要(yao)(yao)我(wo)安(an)(an)全”到“我(wo)要(yao)(yao)安(an)(an)全”的转变。

农机社会(hui)化服务护(hu)航农业发展(zhan)

“我们全村(cun)有三千多(duo)亩(mu)土地,过(guo)去每户人家有十来块田,又(you)费劳力(li)(li)又(you)费时(shi)(shi)间。现在的(de)农机社会化服务(wu)太(tai)好了,一(yi)边(bian)撒肥一(yi)边(bian)耕作(zuo),解放了劳动力(li)(li),还可(ke)以腾出时(shi)(shi)间出去打一(yi)份工。”提起农机社会化服务(wu),小(xiao)纪汗镇可(ke)可(ke)盖村(cun)村(cun)民赵子华连(lian)连(lian)称(cheng)赞。

农机社(she)会化服务(wu)组织已成(cheng)为榆(yu)阳(yang)区农机作(zuo)(zuo)业的(de)主力军。经过多年发展(zhan),榆(yu)阳(yang)区多家合作(zuo)(zuo)社(she)已突(tu)破传统耕收(shou)单一(yi)作(zuo)(zuo)业模式(shi),有的(de)积极引进(jin)无人植保(bao)飞机等先进(jin)装备(bei)开展(zhan)高效植保(bao)服务(wu);有的(de)提供玉(yu)米销售(shou)、烘干(gan)服务(wu);有的(de)朝着(zhe)承包土地(di)经营,代(dai)耕、代(dai)种、代(dai)管等方向转型(xing)发展(zhan),经营能(neng)力稳步提高,营收(shou)水平持续(xu)增长。

“政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)组织的社(she)(she)会(hui)化服(fu)(fu)务(wu)对我们(men)合作(zuo)社(she)(she)来说,能(neng)够集中连片作(zuo)业,减少(shao)农(nong)(nong)机(ji)摘(zhai)卸,这(zhei)样(yang)能(neng)最大程度(du)发挥出每(mei)台机(ji)具的工(gong)作(zuo)效率和服(fu)(fu)务(wu)质量,而且政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)对农(nong)(nong)机(ji)合作(zuo)社(she)(she)的补贴力(li)度(du)也(ye)很(hen)(hen)大,合作(zuo)社(she)(she)又能(neng)为农(nong)(nong)民服(fu)(fu)务(wu)又能(neng)赚钱,很(hen)(hen)有积极性。”榆阳区宏源画(hua)农(nong)(nong)机(ji)合作(zuo)社(she)(she)理事长李随画(hua)说。

今年(nian)(nian)以(yi)来(lai),榆阳区(qu)以(yi)“一小一大”为重点(dian)(dian),聚焦小农(nong)(nong)(nong)户和大宗作物玉米为突破点(dian)(dian)、发展(zhan)(zhan)“3+2+X”农(nong)(nong)(nong)业新兴主导产(chan)(chan)业,成方(fang)连片(pian)推进农(nong)(nong)(nong)业生产(chan)(chan)社(she)会化服务(wu)(wu),不断(duan)提(ti)升对小农(nong)(nong)(nong)户服务(wu)(wu)的(de)覆盖率。充分发挥村(cun)股份(fen)经(jing)(jing)济合(he)作组(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)情况熟悉、协调(diao)方(fang)便、组(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)顺畅的(de)优(you)势,推行“农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)集体(ti)经(jing)(jing)济组(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)+托管服务(wu)(wu)组(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)+小农(nong)(nong)(nong)户”的(de)形式(shi),开展(zhan)(zhan)托管服务(wu)(wu),为村(cun)股份(fen)经(jing)(jing)济合(he)作组(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)提(ti)供(gong)合(he)理(li)的(de)管理(li)费用(yong)或收益分红,增加集体(ti)经(jing)(jing)济收入,壮大村(cun)股份(fen)经(jing)(jing)济合(he)作组(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)实力(li),提(ti)高服务(wu)(wu)村(cun)民能力(li)。今年(nian)(nian),全(quan)年(nian)(nian)计划(hua)完成农(nong)(nong)(nong)业生产(chan)(chan)社(she)会化服务(wu)(wu)面(mian)积(ji)20万亩次。

农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)社会化(hua)服(fu)(fu)务提供统配统施(shi)、统防统治,更加注重绿色生产和化(hua)肥(fei)农(nong)(nong)药减量(liang)增(zeng)效,是现代农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)生产大势所趋。榆阳区将以(yi)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)增(zeng)效、农(nong)(nong)民增(zeng)收为目标,加快构(gou)建(jian)新型(xing)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)服(fu)(fu)务经营体系,积极(ji)创(chuang)新农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)社会化(hua)服(fu)(fu)务机(ji)(ji)制,发展和壮大农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)合作社、农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)大户等各类农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)服(fu)(fu)务组织,为农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)社会化(hua)服(fu)(fu)务全面推进创(chuang)造有(you)利条(tiao)件。

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